MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ PROFICIENCY SINAVI HAZIRLIK 3
Marmara Üniversitesi Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık Örneği
1 – Marmara Üniversitesi Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık ( Marmara Üniversitesi Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık için Bireysel – Özel Ders )
2 – Marmara Üniversitesi Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık ( Marmara Üniversitesi Proficiency Sınavı Hazırlık için 4 kişilik Gruplarla Ders )
56. Which of the following activities can’t you do in San Francisco?
a) Having Chinese food
b) Going to discos at night
c) Visiting the prison Alcatraz
d) Eating in a restaurant on the Golden Gate Bridge
57. ‘it’ in line 12 refers to ________.
a) Fisherman’s Wharf c) the Golden Gate Bridge
b) San Francisco d) the sea
58. Tourists visit Alcatraz because ________.
a) it was an important prison c) there are still prisoners living there
b) there are nice restaurants there d) they take a beautiful boat trip to go there
59. Which one is the opposite (antonym) of ‘different from’ in line 16?
a) contrary to b) similar to c) next to d) owing to
60. Especially young people want to live in San Francisco because ________.
a) there is the Golden Gate Bridge c) there are a lot of things to do at night
b) there is a historical prison there d) there are many touristic places to visit
TEXT II: (61-68)
People have never been satisfied with simply talking. For some reason, they have always considered their ideas to be so important that they have always tried to find ways to record them on paper. People have developed many systems of writing; they have also developed various tools with which to write.
One of the first instruments developed by people for writing was the stylus. It was a sharp instrument made of bone or metal, and with it, the writer could make marks on stone or wood. It was used for thousands of years and was very practical.
When the Egyptians invented the first paper-like material called ‘papyrus’, they needed something to write on it. Therefore, they developed the idea of using pen and ink. Their version of the pen was made from bamboo. They sharpened one end of the stem (or the body) to make a nib, that is, the point which you write with. Then they filled the empty part of the stem with ink and forced the ink onto the nib. It was a good idea, but when paper was introduced later, a much finer instrument was needed.
The problem was solved with the introduction of the quill pen. The quill is a large feather from the wing or tail of a bird.Because this pen was a feather, however, it had to be sharpened quite often. A special instrument was made for this purpose: the penknife.
The quill was used from the 6th through the 18th century, but in the 19th century a machine was invented to make a nib out of metal, and this solved the problem of sharpening. The metal nib could be fitted into a holder and dipped into a bottle of ink. Finally, in 1884, a young American, Lewis Waterman, found a way of putting the ink into the holder, and the fountain pen as we know it was complete.
61. According to the text, people have developed various systems of writing because they _______.
a) have tried to find new ways c) have invented tools to write with
b) have been satisfied with what they have d) have wantedto write down what they think
62. ‘them’ in line 2 refers to ________.
a) people b) ways c) their ideas d) systems of writing
63. The quill pen was better than the stylus because people could ________.
a) sharpen it frequently c) force the ink onto the nib
b) write finely on paper d) make clear signs on stone
64. The word ‘introduction’ in line 14 is closest in meaning to ________.
a) invention b) application c) permission d) connection
65. ‘this purpose’ in line 16 refers to ________.
a) solving the problem c) introducing the quill pen
b) sharpening the quill pen d) making a special instrument
66. A nib made from metal was an advantage because ________.
a) it was used for many centuries c) the pens couldn’t be filled with ink
b) it didn’t need to be sharpened d) people could fit it into a bottle of ink
67. The modern fountain pen was completed when ________.
a) a metal nib was made c) the ink was put into the holder
b) the nib was dipped into the ink d) the nib was fitted into a holder
68. Which of the following is TRUE?
a) People could write on paper with the stylus.
b) The quill pen was developed by the Egyptians.
c) The fountain pen was developed in the 6th century.
d) People could use ink with a pen made from bamboo.
B. VOCABULARY: Use the context to help you choose the right word. (69-76)
Bu bölümde, cümlelerde bırakılan boşlukları, en uygun kelimeyle tamamlamanız istenecektir.
69. The committee covered a wide _______ of topics in the interview.
a) collection b) scale c) extent d) range
70. Reese was not sure which profession to enter, but finally _______ for the Law.
a) chose b) opted c) selected d) preferred
71. If you are under 18, you are not _______ to join this club.
a) legal b) capable c) eligible d) permissible
72. A new system of quality control was _______ to overcome the defects in the firm’s products.
a) inserted b) invested c) invited d) installed
73. Marissa always asks for my opinion, so I was hurt when she took such a major decision without _______ me.
a) assuring b) consulting c) assisting d) confirming
74. When they found several petrol cans near the fire, the police suspected that it had been started _______.
a) noticeably b) accidentally c) considerately d) deliberately
75. Having never learnt to read or write as a child, Mike has just enrolled at an adult _______ centre.
a) literacy b) liability c) legibility d) legitimacy
76. The chances of getting skin cancer are _______ reduced if you stay out of direct sunlight and keep your skin well-protected.
a) exactly b) considerably c) loosely d) dubiously
Bu bölümde, verilen cümleye anlamca en yakın cümleyi seçmeniz istenecektir.
77. The powers of your mind, like those of your body, are developed by effort.
a) A little effort is a wonderful thing for your body and spirit.
b) Your body, like your mind, can have its powers developed by effort.
c) Your mind, like the powers developed in a thing like your spirit, can be an effort.
d) Your powers of mind can be developed by effort as physical powers can be in the body.
78. Children may learn something of music through imitation and home study.
a) Study and imitation lead children to music.
b) Learning about children and music can be achieved through home instruction.
c) Home instruction and imitation are two ways children may learn something of music.
d) The knowledge of children and music may be achieved through imitation and home study.
79. I didn’t interrupt you in the middle of an important job by phoning you at the office, did I?
a) Had I known you were so busy, I wouldn’t have phoned you at the office.
b) I hope you weren’t doing anything important when I phoned you at the office.
c) If you were very busy when I phoned you at the office, why didn’t you tell me to be brief?
d) When I phoned you at the office, you could have just told me that you were in the middle of an important job.
80. In a world filled with economic and political problems, people are reading newspapers purposefully.
a) Newspapers are read by economists and politicians who are filled with problems.
b) Economics and politics, and newspapers reporting them concern more people today.
c) The world is filled with people reading about economic and political problems purposefully.
d) People are reading newspapers with purpose in this economically and politically troubled world.